Eco-Industrial Parks

General information, tools and publications on Eco-Industrial Parks

Eco-Industrial Parks

International best practice illustrates that the types of economic, environmental, and social benefits from Eco-Industrial Parks (EIPs) are substantial, transcending conventional business case benefits. EIPs enable benefits from greater collaboration between tenant companies, service providers and local communities, allowing companies to transform environmental problems into efficiency gains, by using resources more effectively and enabling companies to draw on common services and infrastructure.

In order to unleash the potential of Eco-Industrial Park concepts and practices, UNIDO has developed a set of EIP Tools for industrial parks and policymakers. By using the tools parks and countries can advance the transformation of industrial parks and zones towards EIPs.

Eco-industrial Parks (EIPs) are key drivers for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development. By working towards a better Environmental, Social and Economic performance, as defined in the International EIP Framework, Eco-Industrial Parks provide many benefits.

Eco-industrial parks are competitive and provide decent job opportunities. Their environmental footprint is lower per unit produced as they promote efficiency gains, providing better access to finance and technical support. Common services create better working conditions and enable community cohesion.

EIP benefits go well beyond the conventional business case benefits. They are also strategic in nature because they lead to reduced exposure to resource and licensing risks. EIP approaches build a better reputation with key stakeholders, value chains and communities.

Eco-Industrial Park concepts bring benefits to companies, industrial park management and policymakers by supporting both local and national environmental and resource use goals as well as economic development of the countries.


The Eco-Industrial Parks tools set contains 8 different tools:


The objective of this tool is to assess an industrial park against the International Framework for Eco-Industrial Parks (UNIDO, WBG and GIZ, 2017) and subsequently identify, prioritize, plan, manage and monitor eco-industrial park initiatives. It can be used and adapted to all types of existing (brownfield) industrial parks and management structures (e.g. private company, public authority, public private set-up, real estate).


The objective of this tool is to monitor and report resource savings and impacts from EIP opportunities identified and implemented in industrial parks with the support of (inter)national development projects.


The objective of this tool is to assist international development agencies (e.g. UNIDO) and its national partners with providing technical support to policy makers on EIP policy planning and development. It can be used as a practical tool  to inform and guide the project team throughout the different stages of the policy development process in relation to Eco-Industrial Parks (e.g. from high level visioning to implementation, as presented in the main menu of this tool).


The objective of this tool is to support the selection of industrial parks with a high potential for EIP development and creating successful, visible and replicable EIP projects. It is especially useful to assist in the selection of existing industrial parks that could be transformed in EIPs (brownfield), but it can also be used for the selection of area(s) that will host a new EIP (greenfield).


The objective of the tool is to support the identification of industrial symbiosis opportunities (by-product and waste exchanges) between companies. This tool  can be used in existing industrial parks (brownfields) to provide stakeholders with an indication of the symbiosis opportunities related to companies operating in the park. Alternatively, the tool can be used for new industrial parks (greenfields) to highlight possible industrial symbiosis between companies locating to the park, and thereby assist in the planning of infrastructures and utilities to enable these connections.


The objective of this tool is to monitor and report the resource savings and results of RECP assessments undertaken with companies in industrial parks. The tool provides a standardized method to calculate and monitor the economic, environmental and social benefits of RECP opportunities identified and implemented as part of UNIDO's EIP projects.


The objective of this tool is to strengthen and advance the services provided by park management to tenant companies, and thereby increase "value for money" provided by park management to tenant companies and securing / expanding revenues of park management entity. The tool assist industrial park management entities and tenant companies with reviewing, prioritizing, scoping, and action planning of fit-for-purpose and added-value services to their park and tenant companies.


The objective of this tool is to assist in the sustainable and integrated design and operation of industrial parks from an economic, environmental and community perspective by providing a systemic approach to incorporate demand-driven eco-industrial park opportunities into the concept planning of greenfield parks and brownfield parks.

The tools are available in 5 different languages. Please consult the tables bellow for the appropriate language versions of the EIP tools and for downloads. 


Eco-Industrial Parks Tools:

The EIP Tools in English


An International Framework for Eco-Industrial Parks.

Attachment Size

Implementation Handbook

Attachment Size
Implementation Handbook for EIP 11.19 MB

Manual de implementación para parques eco-industriales